Irrational numbers from THE BOOK


Title: Irrational numbers from THE BOOK
Author: Lawrence C Paulson
Submission date: 2022-01-08
Abstract: An elementary proof is formalised: that exp r is irrational for every nonzero rational number r. The mathematical development comes from the well-known volume Proofs from THE BOOK, by Aigner and Ziegler, who credit the idea to Hermite. The development illustrates a number of basic Isabelle techniques: the manipulation of summations, the calculation of quite complicated derivatives and the estimation of integrals. We also see how to import another AFP entry (Stirling's formula). As for the theorem itself, note that a much stronger and more general result (the Hermite--Lindemann--WeierstraƟ transcendence theorem) is already available in the AFP.
  author  = {Lawrence C Paulson},
  title   = {Irrational numbers from THE BOOK},
  journal = {Archive of Formal Proofs},
  month   = jan,
  year    = 2022,
  note    = {\url{},
            Formal proof development},
  ISSN    = {2150-914x},
License: BSD License
Depends on: Stirling_Formula