Cardinality of Multisets


Title: Cardinality of Multisets
Author: Lukas Bulwahn (lukas /dot/ bulwahn /at/ gmail /dot/ com)
Submission date: 2016-06-26

This entry provides three lemmas to count the number of multisets of a given size and finite carrier set. The first lemma provides a cardinality formula assuming that the multiset's elements are chosen from the given carrier set. The latter two lemmas provide formulas assuming that the multiset's elements also cover the given carrier set, i.e., each element of the carrier set occurs in the multiset at least once.

The proof of the first lemma uses the argument of the recurrence relation for counting multisets. The proof of the second lemma is straightforward, and the proof of the third lemma is easily obtained using the first cardinality lemma. A challenge for the formalization is the derivation of the required induction rule, which is a special combination of the induction rules for finite sets and natural numbers. The induction rule is derived by defining a suitable inductive predicate and transforming the predicate's induction rule.

  author  = {Lukas Bulwahn},
  title   = {Cardinality of Multisets},
  journal = {Archive of Formal Proofs},
  month   = jun,
  year    = 2016,
  note    = {\url{},
            Formal proof development},
  ISSN    = {2150-914x},
License: BSD License
Used by: Twelvefold_Way