Theory Coding_Predicates

chapter ‹Predicates for Terms, Formulas and Substitution›

theory Coding_Predicates
imports Coding Sigma
begin

declare succ_iff [simp del]

text ‹This material comes from Section 3, greatly modified for de Bruijn syntax.›

section ‹Predicates for atomic terms›

subsection ‹Free Variables›

definition is_Var :: "hf  bool" where "is_Var x  Ord x  0  x"

definition VarP :: "tm  fm" where "VarP x  OrdP x AND Zero IN x"

lemma VarP_eqvt [eqvt]: "(p  VarP x) = VarP (p  x)"
  by (simp add: VarP_def)

lemma VarP_fresh_iff [simp]: "a  VarP x  a  x"
  by (simp add: VarP_def)

lemma eval_fm_VarP [simp]:  "eval_fm e (VarP x)  is_Var xe"
  by (simp add: VarP_def is_Var_def)

lemma VarP_sf [iff]: "Sigma_fm (VarP x)"
  by (auto simp: VarP_def)

lemma VarP_subst [simp]: "(VarP x)(i::=t) = VarP (subst i t x) "
  by (simp add: VarP_def)

lemma VarP_cong: "H  x EQ x'  H  VarP x IFF VarP x'"
  by (rule P1_cong) auto

lemma VarP_HPairE [intro!]: "insert (VarP (HPair x y)) H  A"
  by (auto simp: VarP_def)

lemma is_Var_succ_iff [simp]: "is_Var (succ x) = Ord x"
  by (metis Ord_succ_iff is_Var_def succ_iff zero_in_Ord)

lemma is_Var_q_Var [iff]: "is_Var (q_Var i)"
  by (simp add: q_Var_def)

definition decode_Var :: "hf  name"
  where "decode_Var x  name_of_nat (nat_of_ord (pred x))"

lemma decode_Var_q_Var [simp]: "decode_Var (q_Var i) = i"
  by (simp add: decode_Var_def q_Var_def)

lemma is_Var_imp_decode_Var: "is_Var x  x = «Var (decode_Var x)» e"
  by (simp add: is_Var_def quot_Var decode_Var_def) (metis hempty_iff succ_pred)

lemma is_Var_iff: "is_Var v  v = succ (ord_of (nat_of_name (decode_Var v)))"
  by (metis eval_tm_ORD_OF eval_tm_SUCC is_Var_imp_decode_Var quot_Var is_Var_succ_iff Ord_ord_of)

lemma decode_Var_inject [simp]: "is_Var v  is_Var v'  decode_Var v = decode_Var v'  v=v'"
  by (metis is_Var_iff)

subsection ‹De Bruijn Indexes›

definition is_Ind :: "hf  bool"
  where "is_Ind x  (m. Ord m  x = htuple 6, m)"

abbreviation Q_Ind :: "tm  tm"
  where "Q_Ind k  HPair (HTuple 6) k"

nominal_function IndP :: "tm  fm"
  where "atom m  x 
    IndP x = Ex m (OrdP (Var m) AND x EQ HPair (HTuple 6) (Var m))"
  by (auto simp: eqvt_def IndP_graph_aux_def flip_fresh_fresh) (metis obtain_fresh)

nominal_termination (eqvt)
  by lexicographic_order

lemma
  shows IndP_fresh_iff [simp]: "a  IndP x  a  x"                (is ?thesis1)
    and eval_fm_IndP [simp]:   "eval_fm e (IndP x)  is_Ind xe"  (is ?thesis2)
    and IndP_sf [iff]:         "Sigma_fm (IndP x)"                   (is ?thsf)
    and OrdP_IndP_Q_Ind:       "{OrdP x}  IndP (Q_Ind x)"           (is ?thqind)
proof -
  obtain m::name where "atom m  x"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis1 ?thesis2 ?thsf ?thqind
    by (auto simp: is_Ind_def intro: Ex_I [where x=x])
qed

lemma IndP_Q_Ind: "H  OrdP x  H  IndP (Q_Ind x)"
  by (rule cut1 [OF OrdP_IndP_Q_Ind])

lemma subst_fm_IndP [simp]: "(IndP t)(i::=x) = IndP (subst i x t)"
proof -
  obtain m::name where "atom m  (i,t,x)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis
    by (auto simp: IndP.simps [of m])
qed

lemma IndP_cong: "H  x EQ x'  H  IndP x IFF IndP x'"
  by (rule P1_cong) auto

definition decode_Ind :: "hf  nat"
  where "decode_Ind x  nat_of_ord (hsnd x)"

lemma is_Ind_pair_iff [simp]: "is_Ind x, y  x = htuple 6  Ord y"
  by (auto simp: is_Ind_def)

subsection ‹Various syntactic lemmas›

lemma eval_Var_q: "«Var i» e = q_Var i"
  by (simp add: quot_tm_def q_Var_def)

lemma is_Var_eval_Var [simp]: "is_Var «Var i»e"
  by (metis decode_Var_q_Var is_Var_imp_decode_Var is_Var_q_Var)


section ‹The predicate SeqCTermP›, for Terms and Constants›

(*SeqCTerm(s,k,t) ≡ LstSeq(s,k,t) ∧ (∀l∈k)[s l=0 ∨ Var(s l)∨(∃m,n∈l)[s l = ⟨Eats, s m, s n⟩]]*)
definition SeqCTerm :: "bool  hf  hf  hf  bool"
  where "SeqCTerm vf s k t  BuildSeq (λu. u=0  vf  is_Var u) (λu v w. u = q_Eats v w) s k t"

nominal_function SeqCTermP :: "bool  tm  tm  tm  fm"
  where "atom l  (s,k,sl,m,n,sm,sn);  atom sl  (s,m,n,sm,sn);
          atom m  (s,n,sm,sn);  atom n  (s,sm,sn);
          atom sm  (s,sn);  atom sn  (s) 
    SeqCTermP vf s k t =
      LstSeqP s k t AND
      All2 l (SUCC k) (Ex sl (HPair (Var l) (Var sl) IN s AND 
               (Var sl EQ Zero OR (if vf then VarP (Var sl) else Fls) OR
                Ex m (Ex n (Ex sm (Ex sn (Var m IN Var l AND Var n IN Var l AND
                       HPair (Var m) (Var sm) IN s AND HPair (Var n) (Var sn) IN s AND
                       Var sl EQ Q_Eats (Var sm) (Var sn))))))))"
  by (auto simp: eqvt_def SeqCTermP_graph_aux_def flip_fresh_fresh) (metis obtain_fresh)

nominal_termination (eqvt)
  by lexicographic_order

lemma
  shows SeqCTermP_fresh_iff [simp]:
       "a  SeqCTermP vf s k t  a  s  a  k  a  t"  (is ?thesis1)
    and eval_fm_SeqCTermP [simp]:
       "eval_fm e (SeqCTermP vf s k t)  SeqCTerm vf se ke te"    (is ?thesis2)
    and SeqCTermP_sf [iff]:
       "Sigma_fm (SeqCTermP vf s k t)"   (is ?thsf)
    and SeqCTermP_imp_LstSeqP:
      "{ SeqCTermP vf s k t }  LstSeqP s k t"  (is ?thlstseq)
    and SeqCTermP_imp_OrdP [simp]:
      "{ SeqCTermP vf s k t }  OrdP k"  (is ?thord)
proof -
  obtain l::name and sl::name and m::name and n::name and sm::name and sn::name
    where atoms: "atom l  (s,k,sl,m,n,sm,sn)"   "atom sl  (s,m,n,sm,sn)"
        "atom m  (s,n,sm,sn)"   "atom n  (s,sm,sn)"
        "atom sm  (s,sn)"   "atom sn  (s)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis1 ?thsf ?thlstseq ?thord
    by (auto simp: LstSeqP.simps)
  show ?thesis2 using atoms
    by (simp cong: conj_cong add: LstSeq_imp_Ord SeqCTerm_def BuildSeq_def Builds_def
             HBall_def HBex_def q_Eats_def Fls_def
             Seq_iff_app [of "se", OF LstSeq_imp_Seq_succ]
             Ord_trans [of _ _ "succ ke"])
qed

lemma SeqCTermP_subst [simp]:
      "(SeqCTermP vf s k t)(j::=w) = SeqCTermP vf (subst j w s) (subst j w k) (subst j w t)"
proof -
  obtain l::name and sl::name and m::name and n::name and sm::name and sn::name
    where "atom l  (j,w,s,k,sl,m,n,sm,sn)"   "atom sl  (j,w,s,m,n,sm,sn)"
          "atom m  (j,w,s,n,sm,sn)"   "atom n  (j,w,s,sm,sn)"
          "atom sm  (j,w,s,sn)"   "atom sn  (j,w,s)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis
    by (force simp add: SeqCTermP.simps [of l _ _ sl m n sm sn])
qed

declare SeqCTermP.simps [simp del]

abbreviation SeqTerm :: "hf  hf  hf  bool"
  where "SeqTerm  SeqCTerm True"

abbreviation SeqTermP :: "tm  tm  tm  fm"
  where "SeqTermP  SeqCTermP True"

abbreviation SeqConst :: "hf  hf  hf  bool"
  where "SeqConst  SeqCTerm False"

abbreviation SeqConstP :: "tm  tm  tm  fm"
  where "SeqConstP  SeqCTermP False"

lemma SeqConst_imp_SeqTerm: "SeqConst s k x  SeqTerm s k x"
 by (auto simp: SeqCTerm_def intro: BuildSeq_mono)

lemma SeqConstP_imp_SeqTermP: "{SeqConstP s k t}  SeqTermP s k t"
proof -
  obtain l::name and sl::name and m::name and n::name and sm::name and sn::name
    where "atom l  (s,k,t,sl,m,n,sm,sn)"   "atom sl  (s,k,t,m,n,sm,sn)"
          "atom m  (s,k,t,n,sm,sn)"   "atom n  (s,k,t,sm,sn)"
          "atom sm  (s,k,t,sn)"   "atom sn  (s,k,t)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis
    apply (auto simp: SeqCTermP.simps [of l s k sl m n sm sn])
    apply (rule Ex_I [where x="Var l"], auto)
    apply (rule Ex_I [where x = "Var sl"], force intro: Disj_I1)
    apply (rule Ex_I [where x = "Var sl"], simp)
    apply (rule Conj_I, blast)
    apply (rule Disj_I2)+
    apply (rule Ex_I [where x = "Var m"], simp)
    apply (rule Ex_I [where x = "Var n"], simp)
    apply (rule Ex_I [where x = "Var sm"], simp)
    apply (rule Ex_I [where x = "Var sn"], auto)
    done
qed


section ‹The predicates TermP› and ConstP›

subsection ‹Definition›

definition CTerm :: "bool  hf  bool"
  where "CTerm vf t  (s k. SeqCTerm vf s k t)"

nominal_function CTermP :: "bool  tm  fm"
  where "atom k  (s,t); atom s  t 
    CTermP vf t = Ex s (Ex k (SeqCTermP vf (Var s) (Var k) t))"
  by (auto simp: eqvt_def CTermP_graph_aux_def flip_fresh_fresh) (metis obtain_fresh)

nominal_termination (eqvt)
  by lexicographic_order

lemma
  shows CTermP_fresh_iff [simp]: "a  CTermP vf t  a  t"            (is ?thesis1)
    and eval_fm_CTermP [simp] :"eval_fm e (CTermP vf t)  CTerm vf te"  (is ?thesis2)
    and CTermP_sf [iff]: "Sigma_fm (CTermP vf t)"                      (is ?thsf)
proof -
  obtain k::name and s::name  where "atom k  (s,t)" "atom s  t"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis1 ?thesis2 ?thsf
    by (auto simp: CTerm_def)
qed

lemma CTermP_subst [simp]: "(CTermP vf i)(j::=w) = CTermP vf (subst j w i)"
proof -
  obtain k::name and s::name  where "atom k  (s,i,j,w)" "atom s  (i,j,w)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis
    by (simp add: CTermP.simps [of k s])
qed

abbreviation Term :: "hf  bool"
  where "Term  CTerm True"

abbreviation TermP :: "tm  fm"
  where "TermP  CTermP True"

abbreviation Const :: "hf  bool"
  where "Const  CTerm False"

abbreviation ConstP :: "tm  fm"
  where "ConstP  CTermP False"

subsection ‹Correctness: It Corresponds to Quotations of Real Terms›

lemma wf_Term_quot_dbtm [simp]: "wf_dbtm u  Term quot_dbtm ue"
by (induct rule: wf_dbtm.induct)
   (auto simp: CTerm_def SeqCTerm_def q_Eats_def intro: BuildSeq_combine BuildSeq_exI)

corollary Term_quot_tm [iff]: fixes t :: tm  shows "Term «t»e"
  by (metis quot_tm_def wf_Term_quot_dbtm wf_dbtm_trans_tm)

lemma SeqCTerm_imp_wf_dbtm:
  assumes "SeqCTerm vf s k x"
  shows "t::dbtm. wf_dbtm t  x = quot_dbtm te"
using assms [unfolded SeqCTerm_def]
proof (induct x rule: BuildSeq_induct)
  case (B x) thus ?case
    by auto (metis ORD_OF.simps(2) Var quot_dbtm.simps(2) is_Var_imp_decode_Var quot_Var)
next
  case (C x y z)
  then obtain tm1::dbtm and tm2::dbtm
    where "wf_dbtm tm1" "y = quot_dbtm tm1e"
          "wf_dbtm tm2" "z = quot_dbtm tm2e"
    by blast
  thus ?case
    by (auto simp: wf_dbtm.intros C q_Eats_def intro!: exI [of _ "DBEats tm1 tm2"])
qed

corollary Term_imp_wf_dbtm:
  assumes "Term x" obtains t where "wf_dbtm t" "x = quot_dbtm te"
  by (metis assms SeqCTerm_imp_wf_dbtm CTerm_def)

corollary Term_imp_is_tm: assumes "Term x" obtains t::tm where "x = «t» e"
  by (metis assms Term_imp_wf_dbtm quot_tm_def wf_dbtm_imp_is_tm)

lemma Term_Var: "Term (q_Var i)"
  using wf_Term_quot_dbtm [of "DBVar i"]
  by (metis Term_quot_tm is_Var_imp_decode_Var is_Var_q_Var)

lemma Term_Eats: assumes x: "Term x" and y: "Term y" shows "Term (q_Eats x y)"
proof -
  obtain t u  where "x = quot_dbtm te" "y = quot_dbtm ue"
    by (metis Term_imp_wf_dbtm x y)
  thus ?thesis using wf_Term_quot_dbtm [of "DBEats t u"] x y
    by (auto simp: q_defs) (metis Eats Term_imp_wf_dbtm quot_dbtm_inject_lemma)
qed

subsection ‹Correctness properties for constants›

lemma Const_imp_Term: "Const x  Term x"
  by (metis SeqConst_imp_SeqTerm CTerm_def)

lemma Const_0: "Const 0"
  by (force simp add: CTerm_def SeqCTerm_def intro: BuildSeq_exI)

lemma ConstP_imp_TermP: "{ConstP t}  TermP t"
proof -
  obtain k::name and s::name  where "atom k  (s,t)" "atom s  t"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis
    apply auto
    apply (rule Ex_I [where x = "Var s"], simp)
    apply (rule Ex_I [where x = "Var k"], auto intro: SeqConstP_imp_SeqTermP [THEN cut1])
    done
qed


section ‹Abstraction over terms›

definition SeqStTerm :: "hf  hf  hf  hf  hf  hf  bool"
where "SeqStTerm v u x x' s k 
       is_Var v  BuildSeq2 (λy y'. (is_Ind y  Ord y)  y' = (if y=v then u else y))
                (λu u' v v' w w'. u = q_Eats v w  u' = q_Eats v' w') s k x x'"

definition AbstTerm :: "hf  hf  hf  hf  bool"
where "AbstTerm v i x x'  Ord i  (s k. SeqStTerm v (q_Ind i) x x' s k)"

subsection ‹Defining the syntax: quantified body›

nominal_function SeqStTermP :: "tm  tm  tm  tm  tm  tm  fm"
  where "atom l  (s,k,v,i,sl,sl',m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn');
          atom sl  (s,v,i,sl',m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn'); atom sl'  (s,v,i,m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn');
          atom m  (s,n,sm,sm',sn,sn'); atom n  (s,sm,sm',sn,sn');
          atom sm  (s,sm',sn,sn'); atom sm'  (s,sn,sn');
          atom sn  (s,sn'); atom sn'  s 
    SeqStTermP v i t u s k =
      VarP v AND LstSeqP s k (HPair t u) AND
      All2 l (SUCC k) (Ex sl (Ex sl' (HPair (Var l) (HPair (Var sl) (Var sl')) IN s AND
                (((Var sl EQ v AND Var sl' EQ i) OR
                  ((IndP (Var sl) OR Var sl NEQ v) AND Var sl' EQ Var sl)) OR
                Ex m (Ex n (Ex sm (Ex sm' (Ex sn (Ex sn' (Var m IN Var l AND Var n IN Var l AND
                       HPair (Var m) (HPair (Var sm) (Var sm')) IN s AND
                       HPair (Var n) (HPair (Var sn) (Var sn')) IN s AND
                       Var sl EQ Q_Eats (Var sm) (Var sn) AND
                       Var sl' EQ Q_Eats (Var sm') (Var sn')))))))))))"
  apply (simp_all add: eqvt_def SeqStTermP_graph_aux_def flip_fresh_fresh)
  by auto (metis obtain_fresh)

nominal_termination (eqvt)
  by lexicographic_order

lemma
  shows SeqStTermP_fresh_iff [simp]:
      "a  SeqStTermP v i t u s k  a  v  a  i  a  t  a  u  a  s  a  k"  (is ?thesis1)
    and eval_fm_SeqStTermP [simp]:
      "eval_fm e (SeqStTermP v i t u s k)  SeqStTerm ve ie te ue se ke"  (is ?thesis2)
    and SeqStTermP_sf [iff]:
      "Sigma_fm (SeqStTermP v i t u s k)"  (is ?thsf)
    and SeqStTermP_imp_OrdP:
      "{ SeqStTermP v i t u s k }  OrdP k"  (is ?thord)
    and SeqStTermP_imp_VarP:
      "{ SeqStTermP v i t u s k }  VarP v"  (is ?thvar)
    and SeqStTermP_imp_LstSeqP:
      "{ SeqStTermP v i t u s k }  LstSeqP s k (HPair t u)"  (is ?thlstseq)
proof -
  obtain l::name and sl::name and sl'::name and m::name and n::name and
         sm::name and sm'::name and sn::name and sn'::name
    where atoms:
       "atom l  (s,k,v,i,sl,sl',m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn')"
       "atom sl  (s,v,i,sl',m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn')" "atom sl'  (s,v,i,m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn')"
       "atom m  (s,n,sm,sm',sn,sn')" "atom n  (s,sm,sm',sn,sn')"
       "atom sm  (s,sm',sn,sn')" "atom sm'  (s,sn,sn')"
       "atom sn  (s,sn')" "atom sn'  (s)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis1 ?thsf ?thord ?thvar ?thlstseq
    by (auto intro: LstSeqP_OrdP)
  show ?thesis2 using atoms
    apply (simp add: LstSeq_imp_Ord SeqStTerm_def ex_disj_distrib
             BuildSeq2_def BuildSeq_def Builds_def
             HBall_def q_Eats_def q_Ind_def is_Var_def
             Seq_iff_app [of "se", OF LstSeq_imp_Seq_succ]
             Ord_trans [of _ _ "succ ke"]
             cong: conj_cong)
    apply (rule conj_cong refl all_cong)+
    apply auto
    apply (metis Not_Ord_hpair is_Ind_def)
    done
qed

lemma SeqStTermP_subst [simp]:
      "(SeqStTermP v i t u s k)(j::=w) =
       SeqStTermP (subst j w v) (subst j w i) (subst j w t) (subst j w u) (subst j w s) (subst j w k)"
proof -
  obtain l::name and sl::name and sl'::name and m::name and n::name and
         sm::name and sm'::name and sn::name and sn'::name
    where "atom l  (s,k,v,i,w,j,sl,sl',m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn')"
         "atom sl  (s,v,i,w,j,sl',m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn')"
         "atom sl'  (s,v,i,w,j,m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn')"
         "atom m  (s,w,j,n,sm,sm',sn,sn')" "atom n  (s,w,j,sm,sm',sn,sn')"
         "atom sm  (s,w,j,sm',sn,sn')" "atom sm'  (s,w,j,sn,sn')"
         "atom sn  (s,w,j,sn')" "atom sn'  (s,w,j)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis
    by (force simp add: SeqStTermP.simps [of l _ _ _ _ sl sl' m n sm sm' sn sn'])
qed

lemma SeqStTermP_cong:
  "H  t EQ t'; H  u EQ u'; H  s EQ s'; H  k EQ k'
    H  SeqStTermP v i t u s k IFF SeqStTermP v i t' u' s' k'"
   by (rule P4_cong [where tms="[v,i]"]) (auto simp: fresh_Cons)

declare SeqStTermP.simps [simp del]

subsection ‹Defining the syntax: main predicate›

nominal_function AbstTermP :: "tm  tm  tm  tm  fm"
  where "atom s  (v,i,t,u,k); atom k  (v,i,t,u) 
    AbstTermP v i t u =
     OrdP i AND Ex s (Ex k (SeqStTermP v (Q_Ind i) t u (Var s) (Var k)))"
  by (auto simp: eqvt_def AbstTermP_graph_aux_def flip_fresh_fresh) (metis obtain_fresh)

nominal_termination (eqvt)
  by lexicographic_order

lemma
  shows AbstTermP_fresh_iff [simp]:
      "a  AbstTermP v i t u  a  v  a  i  a  t  a  u"  (is ?thesis1)
    and eval_fm_AbstTermP [simp]:
      "eval_fm e (AbstTermP v i t u)  AbstTerm ve ie te ue "  (is ?thesis2)
    and AbstTermP_sf [iff]:
      "Sigma_fm (AbstTermP v i t u)"  (is ?thsf)
proof -
  obtain s::name and k::name where "atom s  (v,i,t,u,k)"  "atom k  (v,i,t,u)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis1 ?thesis2 ?thsf
    by (auto simp: AbstTerm_def q_defs)
qed

lemma AbstTermP_subst [simp]:
      "(AbstTermP v i t u)(j::=w) = AbstTermP (subst j w v) (subst j w i) (subst j w t) (subst j w u)"
proof -
  obtain s::name and k::name  where "atom s  (v,i,t,u,w,j,k)"  "atom k  (v,i,t,u,w,j)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis
    by (simp add: AbstTermP.simps [of s _ _ _ _ k])
qed

declare AbstTermP.simps [simp del]

subsection ‹Correctness: It Coincides with Abstraction over real terms›

lemma not_is_Var_is_Ind: "is_Var v  ¬ is_Ind v"
  by (auto simp: is_Var_def is_Ind_def)

lemma AbstTerm_imp_abst_dbtm:
  assumes "AbstTerm v i x x'"
  shows "t. x = quot_dbtm te 
             x' = quot_dbtm (abst_dbtm (decode_Var v) (nat_of_ord i) t)e"
proof -
  obtain s k where v: "is_Var v" and i: "Ord i" and sk: "SeqStTerm v (q_Ind i) x x' s k"
    using assms
    by (auto simp: AbstTerm_def SeqStTerm_def)
  from sk [unfolded SeqStTerm_def, THEN conjunct2]
  show ?thesis
  proof (induct x x' rule: BuildSeq2_induct)
    case (B x x') thus ?case using v i
      apply (auto simp: not_is_Var_is_Ind)
      apply (rule_tac [1] x="DBInd (nat_of_ord (hsnd x))" in exI)
      apply (rule_tac [2] x="DBVar (decode_Var v)" in exI)
      apply (case_tac [3] "is_Var x")
      apply (rule_tac [3] x="DBVar (decode_Var x)" in exI)
      apply (rule_tac [4] x=DBZero in exI)
      apply (auto simp: is_Ind_def q_Ind_def is_Var_iff [symmetric])
      apply (metis hmem_0_Ord is_Var_def)
      done
  next
    case (C x x' y y' z z')
    then obtain tm1 and tm2
      where "y = quot_dbtm tm1e"
              "y' = quot_dbtm (abst_dbtm (decode_Var v) (nat_of_ord i) tm1)e"
            "z = quot_dbtm tm2e"
              "z' = quot_dbtm (abst_dbtm (decode_Var v) (nat_of_ord i) tm2)e"
    by blast
  thus ?case
    by (auto simp: wf_dbtm.intros C q_Eats_def intro!: exI [where x="DBEats tm1 tm2"])
  qed
qed

lemma AbstTerm_abst_dbtm:
     "AbstTerm (q_Var i) (ord_of n) quot_dbtm te
                                    quot_dbtm (abst_dbtm i n t)e"
  by (induct t rule: dbtm.induct)
     (auto simp: AbstTerm_def SeqStTerm_def q_defs intro: BuildSeq2_exI BuildSeq2_combine)


section ‹Substitution over terms›

definition SubstTerm :: "hf  hf  hf  hf  bool"
  where "SubstTerm v u x x'  Term u  (s k. SeqStTerm v u x x' s k)"

subsection ‹Defining the syntax›

nominal_function SubstTermP :: "tm  tm  tm  tm  fm"
  where "atom s  (v,i,t,u,k); atom k  (v,i,t,u) 
    SubstTermP v i t u = TermP i AND Ex s (Ex k (SeqStTermP v i t u (Var s) (Var k)))"
  by (auto simp: eqvt_def SubstTermP_graph_aux_def flip_fresh_fresh) (metis obtain_fresh)

nominal_termination (eqvt)
  by lexicographic_order

lemma
  shows SubstTermP_fresh_iff [simp]:
       "a  SubstTermP v i t u  a  v  a  i  a  t  a  u"  (is ?thesis1)
    and eval_fm_SubstTermP [simp]:
       "eval_fm e (SubstTermP v i t u)  SubstTerm ve ie te ue"  (is ?thesis2)
    and SubstTermP_sf [iff]:
       "Sigma_fm (SubstTermP v i t u)"     (is ?thsf)
    and SubstTermP_imp_TermP:
       "{ SubstTermP v i t u }  TermP i"  (is ?thterm)
    and SubstTermP_imp_VarP:
       "{ SubstTermP v i t u }  VarP v"   (is ?thvar)
proof -
  obtain s::name and k::name  where "atom s  (v,i,t,u,k)" "atom k  (v,i,t,u)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis1 ?thesis2 ?thsf ?thterm ?thvar
    by (auto simp: SubstTerm_def intro: SeqStTermP_imp_VarP thin2)
qed

lemma SubstTermP_subst [simp]:
      "(SubstTermP v i t u)(j::=w) = SubstTermP (subst j w v) (subst j w i) (subst j w t) (subst j w u)"
proof -
  obtain s::name and k::name
    where "atom s  (v,i,t,u,w,j,k)"  "atom k  (v,i,t,u,w,j)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis
    by (simp add: SubstTermP.simps [of s _ _ _ _ k])
qed

lemma SubstTermP_cong:
  "H  v EQ v'; H  i EQ i'; H  t EQ t'; H  u EQ u'
    H  SubstTermP v i t u IFF SubstTermP v' i' t' u'"
  by (rule P4_cong) auto

declare SubstTermP.simps [simp del]

lemma SubstTerm_imp_subst_dbtm:
  assumes "SubstTerm v quot_dbtm ue x x'"
  shows "t. x = quot_dbtm te 
             x' = quot_dbtm (subst_dbtm u (decode_Var v) t)e"
proof -
  obtain s k where v: "is_Var v" and u: "Term quot_dbtm ue"
               and sk: "SeqStTerm v quot_dbtm ue x x' s k"
    using assms [unfolded SubstTerm_def]
    by (auto simp: SeqStTerm_def)
  from sk [unfolded SeqStTerm_def, THEN conjunct2]
  show ?thesis
  proof (induct x x' rule: BuildSeq2_induct)
    case (B x x') thus ?case using v
      apply (auto simp: not_is_Var_is_Ind)
      apply (rule_tac [1] x="DBInd (nat_of_ord (hsnd x))" in exI)
      apply (rule_tac [2] x="DBVar (decode_Var v)" in exI)
      apply (case_tac [3] "is_Var x")
      apply (rule_tac [3] x="DBVar (decode_Var x)" in exI)
      apply (rule_tac [4] x=DBZero in exI)
      apply (auto simp: is_Ind_def q_Ind_def is_Var_iff [symmetric])
      apply (metis hmem_0_Ord is_Var_def)
      done
  next
    case (C x x' y y' z z')
    then obtain tm1 and tm2
      where "y = quot_dbtm tm1e"
              "y' = quot_dbtm (subst_dbtm u (decode_Var v) tm1)e"
            "z = quot_dbtm tm2e"
              "z' = quot_dbtm (subst_dbtm u (decode_Var v) tm2)e"
    by blast
  thus ?case
    by (auto simp: wf_dbtm.intros C q_Eats_def intro!: exI [where x="DBEats tm1 tm2"])
  qed
qed

corollary SubstTerm_imp_subst_dbtm':
  assumes "SubstTerm v y x x'"
  obtains t::dbtm and u::dbtm
  where "y = quot_dbtm ue"
        "x = quot_dbtm te"
        "x' = quot_dbtm (subst_dbtm u (decode_Var v) t)e"
  by (metis SubstTerm_def SubstTerm_imp_subst_dbtm Term_imp_is_tm assms quot_tm_def)

lemma SubstTerm_subst_dbtm:
  assumes "Term quot_dbtm ue"
    shows "SubstTerm (q_Var v) quot_dbtm ue quot_dbtm te quot_dbtm (subst_dbtm u v t)e"
  by (induct t rule: dbtm.induct) 
     (auto simp: assms SubstTerm_def SeqStTerm_def q_defs intro: BuildSeq2_exI BuildSeq2_combine)


section ‹Abstraction over formulas›

subsection ‹The predicate AbstAtomicP›

definition AbstAtomic :: "hf  hf  hf  hf  bool"
  where "AbstAtomic v i y y'  
            (t u t' u'. AbstTerm v i t t'  AbstTerm v i u u' 
             ((y = q_Eq t u  y' = q_Eq t' u')  (y = q_Mem t u  y' = q_Mem t' u')))"

nominal_function AbstAtomicP :: "tm  tm  tm  tm  fm"
  where "atom t  (v,i,y,y',t',u,u'); atom t'  (v,i,y,y',u,u');
          atom u  (v,i,y,y',u'); atom u'  (v,i,y,y') 
    AbstAtomicP v i y y' =
         Ex t (Ex u (Ex t' (Ex u'
           (AbstTermP v i (Var t) (Var t') AND AbstTermP v i (Var u) (Var u') AND
                      ((y EQ Q_Eq (Var t) (Var u) AND y' EQ Q_Eq (Var t') (Var u')) OR
                       (y EQ Q_Mem (Var t) (Var u) AND y' EQ Q_Mem (Var t') (Var u')))))))"
  by (auto simp: eqvt_def AbstAtomicP_graph_aux_def flip_fresh_fresh) (metis obtain_fresh)

nominal_termination (eqvt)
  by lexicographic_order

lemma
  shows AbstAtomicP_fresh_iff [simp]:
       "a  AbstAtomicP v i y y'  a  v  a  i  a  y  a  y'"         (is ?thesis1)
    and eval_fm_AbstAtomicP [simp]:
       "eval_fm e (AbstAtomicP v i y y')  AbstAtomic ve ie ye y'e"  (is ?thesis2)
    and AbstAtomicP_sf [iff]: "Sigma_fm (AbstAtomicP v i y y')"              (is ?thsf)
proof -
  obtain t::name and u::name and t'::name  and u'::name
    where "atom t  (v,i,y,y',t',u,u')" "atom t'  (v,i,y,y',u,u')"
          "atom u  (v,i,y,y',u')" "atom u'  (v,i,y,y')"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis1 ?thesis2 ?thsf
    by (auto simp: AbstAtomic_def q_defs)
qed

lemma AbstAtomicP_subst [simp]:
      "(AbstAtomicP v tm y y')(i::=w) = AbstAtomicP (subst i w v) (subst i w tm) (subst i w y) (subst i w y')"
proof -
  obtain t::name and u::name and t'::name  and u'::name
    where "atom t  (v,tm,y,y',w,i,t',u,u')"  "atom t'  (v,tm,y,y',w,i,u,u')"
          "atom u  (v,tm,y,y',w,i,u')"       "atom u'  (v,tm,y,y',w,i)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis
    by (simp add: AbstAtomicP.simps [of t _ _ _ _ t' u u'])
qed

declare AbstAtomicP.simps [simp del]

subsection ‹The predicate AbsMakeForm›

definition AbstMakeForm :: "hf  hf  hf  hf  hf  hf  hf  hf  hf  bool"
where "AbstMakeForm k y y' i u u' j w w' 
      Ord k 
      ((k = i  k = j  y = q_Disj u w  y' = q_Disj u' w') 
       (k = i  y = q_Neg u  y' = q_Neg u') 
       (succ k = i  y = q_Ex u  y' = q_Ex u'))"

definition SeqAbstForm :: "hf  hf  hf  hf  hf  hf  bool"
where "SeqAbstForm v i x x' s k 
       BuildSeq3 (AbstAtomic v) AbstMakeForm s k i x x'"

nominal_function SeqAbstFormP :: "tm  tm  tm  tm  tm  tm  fm"
  where "atom l  (s,k,v,sli,sl,sl',m,n,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn');
          atom sli  (s,v,sl,sl',m,n,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn');
          atom sl  (s,v,sl',m,n,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn');
          atom sl'  (s,v,m,n,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn');
          atom m  (s,n,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn');
          atom n  (s,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn'); atom smi  (s,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn');
          atom sm  (s,sm',sni,sn,sn'); atom sm'  (s,sni,sn,sn');
          atom sni  (s,sn,sn'); atom sn  (s,sn'); atom sn'  (s) 
    SeqAbstFormP v i x x' s k =
      LstSeqP s k (HPair i (HPair x x')) AND
      All2 l (SUCC k) (Ex sli (Ex sl (Ex sl' (HPair (Var l) (HPair (Var sli) (HPair (Var sl) (Var sl'))) IN s AND
                (AbstAtomicP v (Var sli) (Var sl) (Var sl') OR
                OrdP (Var sli) AND
                Ex m (Ex n (Ex smi (Ex sm (Ex sm' (Ex sni (Ex sn (Ex sn'
                      (Var m IN Var l AND Var n IN Var l AND
                       HPair (Var m) (HPair (Var smi) (HPair (Var sm) (Var sm'))) IN s AND
                       HPair (Var n) (HPair (Var sni) (HPair (Var sn) (Var sn'))) IN s AND
                       ((Var sli EQ Var smi AND Var sli EQ Var sni AND
                         Var sl EQ Q_Disj (Var sm) (Var sn) AND
                         Var sl' EQ Q_Disj (Var sm') (Var sn')) OR
                        (Var sli EQ Var smi AND
                         Var sl EQ Q_Neg (Var sm) AND Var sl' EQ Q_Neg (Var sm')) OR
                        (SUCC (Var sli) EQ Var smi AND
                         Var sl EQ Q_Ex (Var sm) AND Var sl' EQ Q_Ex (Var sm'))))))))))))))))"
  by (auto simp: eqvt_def SeqAbstFormP_graph_aux_def flip_fresh_fresh) (metis obtain_fresh)


nominal_termination (eqvt)
  by lexicographic_order

lemma
  shows SeqAbstFormP_fresh_iff [simp]:
       "a  SeqAbstFormP v i x x' s k  a  v  a  i  a  x  a  x'  a  s  a  k"  (is ?thesis1)
    and eval_fm_SeqAbstFormP [simp]:
       "eval_fm e (SeqAbstFormP v i x x' s k)  SeqAbstForm ve ie xe x'e se ke" (is ?thesis2)
    and SeqAbstFormP_sf [iff]:
       "Sigma_fm (SeqAbstFormP v i x x' s k)"  (is ?thsf)
proof -
  obtain l::name and sli::name and sl::name and sl'::name and m::name and n::name and
         smi::name and sm::name and sm'::name and sni::name and sn::name and sn'::name
    where atoms:
         "atom l  (s,k,v,sli,sl,sl',m,n,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn')"
         "atom sli  (s,v,sl,sl',m,n,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn')"
         "atom sl  (s,v,sl',m,n,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn')"
         "atom sl'  (s,v,m,n,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn')"
         "atom m  (s,n,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn')" "atom n  (s,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn')"
         "atom smi  (s,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn')"
         "atom sm  (s,sm',sni,sn,sn')"
         "atom sm'  (s,sni,sn,sn')"
         "atom sni  (s,sn,sn')" "atom sn  (s,sn')" "atom sn'  s"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis1 ?thsf
    by (auto intro: LstSeqP_OrdP)
  show ?thesis2 using atoms
    unfolding SeqAbstForm_def BuildSeq3_def BuildSeq_def Builds_def
              HBall_def HBex_def q_defs AbstMakeForm_def
    by (force simp add: LstSeq_imp_Ord   Ord_trans [of _ _ "succ ke"]
                        Seq_iff_app [of "se", OF LstSeq_imp_Seq_succ]
              intro!: conj_cong [OF refl] all_cong)
qed

lemma SeqAbstFormP_subst [simp]:
      "(SeqAbstFormP v u x x' s k)(i::=t) =
       SeqAbstFormP (subst i t v) (subst i t u) (subst i t x) (subst i t x') (subst i t s) (subst i t k)"
proof -
  obtain l::name and sli::name and sl::name and sl'::name and m::name and n::name and
         smi::name and sm::name and sm'::name and sni::name and sn::name and sn'::name
   where "atom l  (i,t,s,k,v,sli,sl,sl',m,n,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn')"
         "atom sli  (i,t,s,v,sl,sl',m,n,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn')"
         "atom sl  (i,t,s,v,sl',m,n,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn')"
         "atom sl'  (i,t,s,v,m,n,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn')"
         "atom m  (i,t,s,n,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn')"
         "atom n  (i,t,s,smi,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn')"
         "atom smi  (i,t,s,sm,sm',sni,sn,sn')"
         "atom sm  (i,t,s,sm',sni,sn,sn')" "atom sm'  (i,t,s,sni,sn,sn')"
         "atom sni  (i,t,s,sn,sn')" "atom sn  (i,t,s,sn')" "atom sn'  (i,t,s)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis
    by (force simp add: SeqAbstFormP.simps [of l _ _ _ sli sl sl' m n smi sm sm' sni sn sn'])
qed

declare SeqAbstFormP.simps [simp del]

subsection ‹Defining the syntax: the main AbstForm predicate›

definition AbstForm :: "hf  hf  hf  hf  bool"
  where "AbstForm v i x x'  is_Var v  Ord i  (s k. SeqAbstForm v i x x' s k)"

nominal_function AbstFormP :: "tm  tm  tm  tm  fm"
  where "atom s  (v,i,x,x',k);
          atom k  (v,i,x,x') 
    AbstFormP v i x x' = VarP v AND OrdP i AND Ex s (Ex k (SeqAbstFormP v i x x' (Var s) (Var k)))"
  by (auto simp: eqvt_def AbstFormP_graph_aux_def flip_fresh_fresh) (metis obtain_fresh)

nominal_termination (eqvt)
  by lexicographic_order

lemma
  shows AbstFormP_fresh_iff [simp]:
       "a  AbstFormP v i x x'  a  v  a  i  a  x  a  x'" (is ?thesis1)
    and eval_fm_AbstFormP [simp]:
       "eval_fm e (AbstFormP v i x x')  AbstForm ve ie xe x'e" (is ?thesis2)
    and AbstFormP_sf [iff]:
       "Sigma_fm (AbstFormP v i x x')"    (is ?thsf)
proof -
  obtain s::name and k::name  where "atom s  (v,i,x,x',k)" "atom k  (v,i,x,x')"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis1 ?thesis2 ?thsf
    by (auto simp: AbstForm_def)
qed

lemma AbstFormP_subst [simp]:
     "(AbstFormP v i x x')(j::=t) = AbstFormP (subst j t v) (subst j t i) (subst j t x) (subst j t x')"
proof -
  obtain s::name and k::name  where "atom s  (v,i,x,x',t,j,k)" "atom k  (v,i,x,x',t,j)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis
    by (auto simp: AbstFormP.simps [of s _ _ _ _ k])
qed

declare AbstFormP.simps [simp del]


subsection ‹Correctness: It Coincides with Abstraction over real Formulas›

lemma AbstForm_imp_Ord: "AbstForm v u x x'  Ord v"
  by (metis AbstForm_def is_Var_def)

lemma AbstForm_imp_abst_dbfm:
  assumes "AbstForm v i x x'"
  shows "A. x = quot_dbfm Ae 
             x' = quot_dbfm (abst_dbfm (decode_Var v) (nat_of_ord i) A)e"
proof -
  obtain s k where v: "is_Var v" and i: "Ord i" and sk: "SeqAbstForm v i x x' s k"
    using assms [unfolded AbstForm_def]
    by auto
  from sk [unfolded SeqAbstForm_def]
  show ?thesis
  proof (induction i x x' rule: BuildSeq3_induct)
    case (B i x x') thus ?case
      apply (auto simp: AbstAtomic_def dest!: AbstTerm_imp_abst_dbtm [where e=e])
      apply (rule_tac [1] x="DBEq ta tb" in exI)
      apply (rule_tac [2] x="DBMem ta tb" in exI)
      apply (auto simp: q_defs)
      done
  next
    case (C i x x' j y y' k z z')
    then obtain A1 and A2
      where "y = quot_dbfm A1e"
            "y' = quot_dbfm (abst_dbfm (decode_Var v) (nat_of_ord j) A1)e"
            "z = quot_dbfm A2e"
            "z' = quot_dbfm (abst_dbfm (decode_Var v) (nat_of_ord k) A2)e"
    by blast
  with C.hyps show ?case
    apply (auto simp: AbstMakeForm_def)
    apply (rule_tac [1] x="DBDisj A1 A2" in exI)
    apply (rule_tac [2] x="DBNeg A1" in exI)
    apply (rule_tac [3] x="DBEx A1" in exI)
    apply (auto simp: C q_defs)
    done
  qed
qed

lemma AbstForm_abst_dbfm:
  "AbstForm (q_Var i) (ord_of n) quot_dbfm fme quot_dbfm (abst_dbfm i n fm)e"
apply (induction fm arbitrary: n rule: dbfm.induct)
apply (force simp add: AbstForm_def SeqAbstForm_def AbstMakeForm_def AbstAtomic_def
                       AbstTerm_abst_dbtm htuple_minus_1 q_defs simp del: q_Var_def
             intro: BuildSeq3_exI BuildSeq3_combine)+
done

section ‹Substitution over formulas›

subsection ‹The predicate SubstAtomicP›

definition SubstAtomic :: "hf  hf  hf  hf  bool"
  where "SubstAtomic v tm y y'  
            (t u t' u'. SubstTerm v tm t t'  SubstTerm v tm u u' 
             ((y = q_Eq t u  y' = q_Eq t' u')  (y = q_Mem t u  y' = q_Mem t' u')))"

nominal_function SubstAtomicP :: "tm  tm  tm  tm  fm"
  where "atom t  (v,tm,y,y',t',u,u');
          atom t'  (v,tm,y,y',u,u');
          atom u  (v,tm,y,y',u');
          atom u'  (v,tm,y,y') 
    SubstAtomicP v tm y y' =
         Ex t (Ex u (Ex t' (Ex u'
           (SubstTermP v tm (Var t) (Var t') AND SubstTermP v tm (Var u) (Var u') AND
                      ((y EQ Q_Eq (Var t) (Var u) AND y' EQ Q_Eq (Var t') (Var u')) OR
                       (y EQ Q_Mem (Var t) (Var u) AND y' EQ Q_Mem (Var t') (Var u')))))))"
by (auto simp: eqvt_def SubstAtomicP_graph_aux_def flip_fresh_fresh) (metis obtain_fresh)

nominal_termination (eqvt)
  by lexicographic_order

lemma
  shows SubstAtomicP_fresh_iff [simp]:
       "a  SubstAtomicP v tm y y'  a  v  a  tm  a  y  a  y'"           (is ?thesis1)
    and eval_fm_SubstAtomicP [simp]:
       "eval_fm e (SubstAtomicP v tm y y')  SubstAtomic ve tme ye y'e"  (is ?thesis2)
    and SubstAtomicP_sf [iff]: "Sigma_fm (SubstAtomicP v tm y y')"               (is ?thsf)
proof -
  obtain t::name and u::name and t'::name  and u'::name
    where "atom t  (v,tm,y,y',t',u,u')" "atom t'  (v,tm,y,y',u,u')"
          "atom u  (v,tm,y,y',u')" "atom u'  (v,tm,y,y')"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis1 ?thesis2 ?thsf 
    by (auto simp: SubstAtomic_def q_defs)
qed

lemma SubstAtomicP_subst [simp]:
  "(SubstAtomicP v tm y y')(i::=w) = SubstAtomicP (subst i w v) (subst i w tm) (subst i w y) (subst i w y')"
proof -
  obtain t::name and u::name and t'::name  and u'::name
    where "atom t  (v,tm,y,y',w,i,t',u,u')" "atom t'  (v,tm,y,y',w,i,u,u')"
          "atom u  (v,tm,y,y',w,i,u')" "atom u'  (v,tm,y,y',w,i)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis
    by (simp add: SubstAtomicP.simps [of t _ _ _ _ t' u u'])
qed

lemma SubstAtomicP_cong:
  "H  v EQ v'; H  tm EQ tm'; H  x EQ x'; H  y EQ y'
    H  SubstAtomicP v tm x y IFF SubstAtomicP v' tm' x' y'"
  by (rule P4_cong) auto


subsection ‹The predicate SubstMakeForm›

definition SubstMakeForm :: "hf  hf  hf  hf  hf  hf  bool"
  where "SubstMakeForm y y' u u' w w' 
          ((y = q_Disj u w  y' = q_Disj u' w') 
           (y = q_Neg u  y' = q_Neg u') 
           (y = q_Ex u  y' = q_Ex u'))"

definition SeqSubstForm :: "hf  hf  hf  hf  hf  hf  bool"
  where "SeqSubstForm v u x x' s k  BuildSeq2 (SubstAtomic v u) SubstMakeForm s k x x'"

nominal_function SeqSubstFormP :: "tm  tm  tm  tm  tm  tm  fm"
  where "atom l  (s,k,v,u,sl,sl',m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn');
          atom sl  (s,v,u,sl',m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn');
          atom sl'  (s,v,u,m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn');
          atom m  (s,n,sm,sm',sn,sn'); atom n  (s,sm,sm',sn,sn');
          atom sm  (s,sm',sn,sn'); atom sm'  (s,sn,sn');
          atom sn  (s,sn'); atom sn'  s 
    SeqSubstFormP v u x x' s k =
      LstSeqP s k (HPair x x') AND
      All2 l (SUCC k) (Ex sl (Ex sl' (HPair (Var l) (HPair (Var sl) (Var sl')) IN s AND
                (SubstAtomicP v u (Var sl) (Var sl') OR
                Ex m (Ex n (Ex sm (Ex sm' (Ex sn (Ex sn' (Var m IN Var l AND Var n IN Var l AND
                       HPair (Var m) (HPair (Var sm) (Var sm')) IN s AND
                       HPair (Var n) (HPair (Var sn) (Var sn')) IN s AND
                       ((Var sl EQ Q_Disj (Var sm) (Var sn) AND
                        Var sl' EQ Q_Disj (Var sm') (Var sn')) OR
                        (Var sl EQ Q_Neg (Var sm) AND Var sl' EQ Q_Neg (Var sm')) OR
                        (Var sl EQ Q_Ex (Var sm) AND Var sl' EQ Q_Ex (Var sm')))))))))))))"
  apply (simp_all add: eqvt_def SeqSubstFormP_graph_aux_def flip_fresh_fresh)
  by auto (metis obtain_fresh)

nominal_termination (eqvt)
  by lexicographic_order

lemma
  shows SeqSubstFormP_fresh_iff [simp]:
       "a  SeqSubstFormP v u x x' s k  a  v  a  u  a  x  a  x'  a  s  a  k"  (is ?thesis1)
    and eval_fm_SeqSubstFormP [simp]:
       "eval_fm e (SeqSubstFormP v u x x' s k)  
         SeqSubstForm ve ue xe x'e se ke" (is ?thesis2)
    and SeqSubstFormP_sf [iff]:
       "Sigma_fm (SeqSubstFormP v u x x' s k)"  (is ?thsf)
    and SeqSubstFormP_imp_OrdP:
       "{ SeqSubstFormP v u x x' s k }  OrdP k"  (is ?thOrd)
    and SeqSubstFormP_imp_LstSeqP:
       "{ SeqSubstFormP v u x x' s k }  LstSeqP s k (HPair x x')"  (is ?thLstSeq)
proof -
  obtain l::name and sl::name and sl'::name and m::name and n::name and
         sm::name and sm'::name and sn::name and sn'::name
    where atoms:
         "atom l  (s,k,v,u,sl,sl',m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn')"
         "atom sl  (s,v,u,sl',m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn')"
         "atom sl'  (s,v,u,m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn')"
         "atom m  (s,n,sm,sm',sn,sn')" "atom n  (s,sm,sm',sn,sn')"
         "atom sm  (s,sm',sn,sn')" "atom sm'  (s,sn,sn')"
         "atom sn  (s,sn')" "atom sn'  (s)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis1 ?thsf ?thOrd ?thLstSeq
    by (auto intro: LstSeqP_OrdP)
  show ?thesis2 using atoms
    unfolding SeqSubstForm_def BuildSeq2_def BuildSeq_def Builds_def
                 HBall_def HBex_def q_defs SubstMakeForm_def
    by (force simp add: LstSeq_imp_Ord   Ord_trans [of _ _ "succ ke"]
                 Seq_iff_app [of "se", OF LstSeq_imp_Seq_succ]
              intro!: conj_cong [OF refl]  all_cong)
qed

lemma SeqSubstFormP_subst [simp]:
      "(SeqSubstFormP v u x x' s k)(i::=t) =
       SeqSubstFormP (subst i t v) (subst i t u) (subst i t x) (subst i t x') (subst i t s) (subst i t k)"
proof -
  obtain l::name and sl::name and sl'::name and m::name and n::name and
         sm::name and sm'::name and sn::name and sn'::name
   where "atom l  (s,k,v,u,t,i,sl,sl',m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn')"
         "atom sl  (s,v,u,t,i,sl',m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn')"
         "atom sl'  (s,v,u,t,i,m,n,sm,sm',sn,sn')"
         "atom m  (s,t,i,n,sm,sm',sn,sn')" "atom n  (s,t,i,sm,sm',sn,sn')"
         "atom sm  (s,t,i,sm',sn,sn')" "atom sm'  (s,t,i,sn,sn')"
         "atom sn  (s,t,i,sn')" "atom sn'  (s,t,i)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis
    by (force simp add: SeqSubstFormP.simps [of l _ _ _ _ sl sl' m n sm sm' sn sn'])
qed

lemma SeqSubstFormP_cong:
  "H  t EQ t'; H  u EQ u'; H  s EQ s'; H  k EQ k'
    H  SeqSubstFormP v i t u s k IFF SeqSubstFormP v i t' u' s' k'"
   by (rule P4_cong [where tms="[v,i]"]) (auto simp: fresh_Cons)

declare SeqSubstFormP.simps [simp del]

subsection ‹Defining the syntax: the main SubstForm predicate›

definition SubstForm :: "hf  hf  hf  hf  bool"
where "SubstForm v u x x'  is_Var v  Term u  (s k. SeqSubstForm v u x x' s k)"

nominal_function SubstFormP :: "tm  tm  tm  tm  fm"
  where "atom s  (v,i,x,x',k); atom k  (v,i,x,x') 
    SubstFormP v i x x' =
      VarP v AND TermP i AND Ex s (Ex k (SeqSubstFormP v i x x' (Var s) (Var k)))"
  by (auto simp: eqvt_def SubstFormP_graph_aux_def flip_fresh_fresh) (metis obtain_fresh)

nominal_termination (eqvt)
  by lexicographic_order

lemma
  shows SubstFormP_fresh_iff [simp]:
       "a  SubstFormP v i x x'  a  v  a  i  a  x  a  x'"  (is ?thesis1)
    and eval_fm_SubstFormP [simp]:
       "eval_fm e (SubstFormP v i x x')  SubstForm ve ie xe x'e"  (is ?thesis2)
    and SubstFormP_sf [iff]:
       "Sigma_fm (SubstFormP v i x x')"  (is ?thsf)
proof -
  obtain s::name and k::name
    where "atom s  (v,i,x,x',k)"  "atom k  (v,i,x,x')"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis1 ?thesis2 ?thsf
    by (auto simp: SubstForm_def)
qed

lemma SubstFormP_subst [simp]:
     "(SubstFormP v i x x')(j::=t) = SubstFormP (subst j t v) (subst j t i) (subst j t x) (subst j t x')"
proof -
  obtain s::name and k::name  where "atom s  (v,i,x,x',t,j,k)" "atom k  (v,i,x,x',t,j)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis
    by (auto simp: SubstFormP.simps [of s _ _ _ _ k])
qed

lemma SubstFormP_cong:
  "H  v EQ v'; H  i EQ i'; H  t EQ t'; H  u EQ u'
    H  SubstFormP v i t u IFF SubstFormP v' i' t' u'"
  by (rule P4_cong) auto

lemma ground_SubstFormP [simp]: "ground_fm (SubstFormP v y x x')  ground v  ground y  ground x  ground x'"
  by (auto simp: ground_aux_def ground_fm_aux_def supp_conv_fresh)

declare SubstFormP.simps [simp del]

subsection ‹Correctness of substitution over formulas›

lemma SubstForm_imp_subst_dbfm_lemma:
  assumes "SubstForm v quot_dbtm ue x x'"
    shows "A. x = quot_dbfm Ae 
               x' = quot_dbfm (subst_dbfm u (decode_Var v) A)e"
proof -
  obtain s k where v: "is_Var v" and u: "Term quot_dbtm ue"
               and sk: "SeqSubstForm v quot_dbtm ue x x' s k"
    using assms [unfolded SubstForm_def]
    by blast
  from sk [unfolded SeqSubstForm_def]
  show ?thesis
  proof (induct x x' rule: BuildSeq2_induct)
    case (B x x') thus ?case
      apply (auto simp: SubstAtomic_def elim!: SubstTerm_imp_subst_dbtm' [where e=e])
      apply (rule_tac [1] x="DBEq ta tb" in exI)
      apply (rule_tac [2] x="DBMem ta tb" in exI)
      apply (auto simp: q_defs)
      done
  next
    case (C x x' y y' z z')
    then obtain A and B
      where "y = quot_dbfm Ae" "y' = quot_dbfm (subst_dbfm u (decode_Var v) A)e"
            "z = quot_dbfm Be" "z' = quot_dbfm (subst_dbfm u (decode_Var v) B)e"
    by blast
  with C.hyps show ?case
    apply (auto simp: SubstMakeForm_def)
    apply (rule_tac [1] x="DBDisj A B" in exI)
    apply (rule_tac [2] x="DBNeg A" in exI)
    apply (rule_tac [3] x="DBEx A" in exI)
    apply (auto simp: C q_defs)
    done
  qed
qed

lemma SubstForm_imp_subst_dbfm:
  assumes "SubstForm v u x x'"
   obtains t A where "u = quot_dbtm te"
                     "x = quot_dbfm Ae"
                     "x' = quot_dbfm (subst_dbfm t (decode_Var v) A)e"
proof -
  obtain t where "u = quot_dbtm te"
    using assms [unfolded SubstForm_def]
    by (metis Term_imp_wf_dbtm)
  thus ?thesis
    by (metis SubstForm_imp_subst_dbfm_lemma assms that)
qed

lemma SubstForm_subst_dbfm:
  assumes u: "wf_dbtm u"
  shows "SubstForm (q_Var i) quot_dbtm ue quot_dbfm Ae
                             quot_dbfm (subst_dbfm u i A)e"
apply (induction A rule: dbfm.induct)
apply (force simp: u SubstForm_def SeqSubstForm_def SubstAtomic_def SubstMakeForm_def 
                   SubstTerm_subst_dbtm q_defs simp del: q_Var_def
           intro: BuildSeq2_exI BuildSeq2_combine)+
done

corollary SubstForm_subst_dbfm_eq:
  "v = q_Var i; Term ux; ux = quot_dbtm ue; A' = subst_dbfm u i A
    SubstForm v ux quot_dbfm Ae quot_dbfm A'e"
  by (metis SubstForm_subst_dbfm Term_imp_is_tm quot_dbtm_inject_lemma quot_tm_def wf_dbtm_iff_is_tm)


section ‹The predicate AtomicP›

definition Atomic :: "hf  bool"
  where "Atomic y t u. Term t  Term u  (y = q_Eq t u  y = q_Mem t u)"

nominal_function AtomicP :: "tm  fm"
  where "atom t  (u,y); atom u  y 
    AtomicP y = Ex t (Ex u (TermP (Var t) AND TermP (Var u) AND
                      (y EQ Q_Eq (Var t) (Var u) OR
                       y EQ Q_Mem (Var t) (Var u))))"
  by (auto simp: eqvt_def AtomicP_graph_aux_def flip_fresh_fresh) (metis obtain_fresh)

nominal_termination (eqvt)
  by lexicographic_order

lemma
  shows AtomicP_fresh_iff [simp]: "a  AtomicP y  a  y"    (is ?thesis1)
    and eval_fm_AtomicP [simp]: "eval_fm e (AtomicP y)  Atomicye"    (is ?thesis2)
    and AtomicP_sf [iff]: "Sigma_fm (AtomicP y)"  (is ?thsf)
proof -
  obtain t::name and u::name  where "atom t  (u,y)"  "atom u  y"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis1 ?thesis2 ?thsf
    by (auto simp: Atomic_def q_defs)
qed


section ‹The predicate MakeForm›

definition MakeForm :: "hf  hf  hf  bool"
  where "MakeForm y u w 
         y = q_Disj u w  y = q_Neg u 
         (v u'. AbstForm v 0 u u'  y = q_Ex u')"

nominal_function MakeFormP :: "tm  tm  tm  fm"
  where "atom v  (y,u,w,au); atom au  (y,u,w) 
    MakeFormP y u w =
      y EQ Q_Disj u w OR y EQ Q_Neg u OR
      Ex v (Ex au (AbstFormP (Var v) Zero u (Var au) AND y EQ Q_Ex (Var au)))"
  by (auto simp: eqvt_def MakeFormP_graph_aux_def flip_fresh_fresh) (metis obtain_fresh)

nominal_termination (eqvt)
  by lexicographic_order

lemma
  shows MakeFormP_fresh_iff [simp]:
       "a  MakeFormP y u w  a  y  a  u  a  w"  (is ?thesis1)
    and eval_fm_MakeFormP [simp]:
       "eval_fm e (MakeFormP y u w)  MakeForm ye ue we"  (is ?thesis2)
    and MakeFormP_sf [iff]:
       "Sigma_fm (MakeFormP y u w)"  (is ?thsf)
proof -
  obtain v::name and au::name  where "atom v  (y,u,w,au)"  "atom au  (y,u,w)"
    by (metis obtain_fresh)
  thus ?thesis1 ?thesis2 ?thsf
    by (auto simp: MakeForm_def q_defs)
qed

declare MakeFormP.simps [simp del]


section ‹The predicate SeqFormP›

(*SeqForm(s,k,t) ≡ LstSeq(s,k,t) ∧ (∀n∈k)[Atomic (s n) ∨ (∃m,l∈n)[MakeForm (s m) (s l) (s n)]]*)
definition SeqForm :: "hf  hf  hf  bool"
  where "SeqForm s k y  BuildSeq Atomic MakeForm s k y"

nominal_function SeqFormP :: "tm  tm  tm  fm"
  where "atom l  (s,k,t,sl,m,n,sm,sn); atom sl  (s,k,t,m,n,sm,sn);
          atom m  (s,k,t,n,sm,sn); atom n<